Hydration & Heat Stress Information
prior to outdoor activities in the heat.  Waiting to hydrate until you are showing signs of heat
introduced into the environment you are exposed to.

We have included some important information on heat related issues below.

HEAT STRESS
Heat stress is one of the greatest concerns for individuals involved in outdoor activities in the
summer months.  To prevent heat stress, you should take frequent breaks for cool down
periods and continue to hydrate with water.  Our department drinks 4 bottles of water to 1 bottle
of gatorade or powerade.  To much electrolytes will cause nausea.  Limit alcohol or soft drink
consumption the day before your activity and the day of your activity.  This beverages promoted
dehydration.  Eat small portions throughout the day.  If you have signs of heat stress cool down
and hydrate.

Signs of Heat Stress

Heat cramps - Muscle cramps in the extremities
Respiration rate increase
Pale & moist skin
Normal body temperature
General weakness

Signs of Heat Exhaustion

Heavy / Profuse sweating
Rapid & weak pulse rate
Rapid & shallow respiratory rate
Pale & clammy skin
Normal or decreased body temperature
Irritability & restlessness

Sign of Heat Stroke

Hot, dry flushed skin
strong & pounding pulse
Headache, dizziness and dry mouth
Seizure or coma
Loss of consciousness & airway problems can occur
(HEAT STROKE IS A SERIOUS MEDICAL SITUATION, SEVERE CASES WILL REQUIRE MEDICAL
ATTENTION AND CAN BE LIFE THREATENING. CALL 911)